The origins of handball can be traced back to medieval times but it was in 1906 that the rules of modern handball were first created in Denmark. The game is hugely popular in Northern and Eastern Europe but is played around the world. The governing body of the game is the International Handball Federation, who also organise the World Championships. It is believed that there are around 19 million handball players in the world today.
Players and equipment
The standard handball games features 7 players on each side, six outfield players and one goalkeeper. A team will also have 7 substitutes, which can be used on a rolling basis and with no need to notify the referee. There is semi-circle area around each goal area, sometimes referred to as the crease or the zone. There is also a dashed semi-circle line which lies 9 metres from goal, which is the free throw line.
Other Handball rules
A match consists of two periods of 30 minutes each. Each team consists of 7 players; a goalkeeper and 6 outfield players. Outfield players can touch the ball with any part of their body that is above the knee. Once a player receives possession, they can pass, hold possession or shoot. If a player holds possession, they can dribble or take three steps for up to three seconds without dribbling.